Anxiety & Panic Disorders

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Everybody feels anxiety occasionally, but anxiety and panic disorders mean more than temporary fear of certain things. These symptoms can worsen if not treated properly and can hinder daily activities related to our life.

Anxiety and panic disorders have different variations which have been discussed briefly in this article.

Panic Attacks:

These are intense episodes of fear or depressive feelings over a short period. Some symptoms include palpitations, sweating, breathlessness, trembling, nausea, dizziness. Sudden chills or hot flashes combined with fear are the general signs of a panic attack.

Panic Disorder:

Panic disorder is characterized by recurrent panic attacks along with fear of future attacks. The patient avoids any circumstances that may trigger a panic attack. Panic attacks are not caused due to panic disorder in every case; they may be triggered by other conditions like hypoglycemia, heart attacks, PTSD, social phobia, or hyperthyroidism.

Generalized Anxiety disorder (GAD):

People with GAD show excessive anxiety or worry for a period of six or more months. This anxiety can be about their health, work, or daily life routine. This condition can become a hurdle in normal social interactions, school, and work activities.

Some symptoms include:

Feeling restless and on edge

Getting tired easily and muscle tension

Highly irritable

Lack of concentration

Difficulty in controlling emotions

Sleep problems

Specific Phobias:

As the name signifies, fear of a certain element or situation is characterized as a specific phobia. These include fear of flying, heights, water, blood, injections, or any specific animal.

Social Anxiety Disorder:

This disorder is characterized by a fear of or anxiety regarding social or performance situations.

People worry that their behaviors will be negatively assessed by others and embarrass them.

Separation Anxiety Disorder:

This anxiety disorder is observed mostly in children; however, adults can also develop it. The disorder is associated with the fear of losing people that are dear to you.

These psychological disorders are just like any other health issue and need to be treated by the appropriate healthcare professionals.

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