Why Your Fingers Are Swollen

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Why Your Fingers Are Swollen

You wake up in the morning and notice your fingers are swollen. Do you need to worry? Probably not. Your fingers can swell due to different reasons. In this article, we will explore some of those reasons.

Due to an injury:

Trauma to your fingertips can be a likely reason for their swelling. Most common injuries include fractures, crush injury or damage to the nail bed.  

Pregnancy:

Swelling throughout the body, including hands and feet, is very common among pregnant women. The buildup of fluid necessary for fetal growth causes swelling in the body.

Sudden swelling can be due to preeclampsia and needs to be reported immediately.

Autoimmune diseases:

Diseases like lupus, rheumatoid arthritis, and psoriatic arthritis commonly cause swelling of fingers. Mainly joints are affected that cause swelling of the whole fingers. 

Gout:

A chronic disease caused due to the buildup of uric acid in the body can also be one of the reasons for swelled fingers. The uric acid forms crystals in joints that can be painful. 

Men are more vulnerable to gout, in addition to obese people and those with a family history of gout. 

Cancer:

Any type of cancer that can metastasize to the bone can cause finger swelling. Lung cancer most commonly metastasizes to hand bones. Kidney cancer and breast cancer are the second most likely to cause metastasis to the hands. 

Infection:

Infections are the most common cause of the swelling. Fingertip infections are called felons. If your pad, pulp, or fingertip gets infected, small compartments can fill up with pus. Felons are very painful. 

Hot weather:

Heat causes expansion of blood vessels so that more heat can escape through the skin. This keeps the body cool. Due to the expansion, some fluid can leak and escape into tissues causing puffiness. 

If the swelling is extremely painful or persists for a long time, we suggest you consult with your health professional. 

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